基于Skill-Free手动控制模块的更容易、更安全的无人机的发展(外文翻译)

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原文档由会员 xiaowei 发布

基于Skill-Free手动控制模块的更容易、更安全的无人机的发展(外文翻译)
Development of Skill-Free Manual Control Module for Easy and Safe Flight of UAV

包含中文翻译和英文原文,内容详细完整,建议下载参考!

中文:1200 字
英文:3880 字符


介绍
在过去的十年中,UAV(无人机)作为空中遥感工具在军事上和民用上都受到了很大的关注。无人机的典型任务是对危险或是灾害受灾面积进行监视和图像数据采集。JAXA(日本宇宙航空研究开发机构)推出了一个名为安全鸟的无人机灾害监测系统,其中一个飞船和小型固定翼飞机一起互补操作。虽然SAFE-BIRD项目仍处于试验和实验的阶段,这也有望在实际情况下成为自主的监视系统。本项目详细背景资料和操作方案,请参阅参考。SAFE-BIRD所要求的独特特征是:①安全飞行不会造成二次事故,尤其是在人口密集地区。②容易操作,不需要经验丰富的R/C飞行员。本文中将会展示一个约为4kg的简单安全飞行的迷你固定翼型无人机控制模块手册模型的设计、开发、演示过程。
无人机的操作方式取决于飞机的尺寸和结构。在传统的固定翼飞机情况下,一旦无人机在空中发射,飞行控制权主要转移到无人机的自动驾驶仪上。另一方面,在回收阶段,有必要将飞行控制权收回到控制飞行员的手中。原因是仅依靠GPS导航的自动接近和着陆,可能有较大的位置误差。为了安全降落在有限的开放空间,如建筑物的屋顶、学校领域等等,更精确导航是必要的。在这种情况下,由自动驾驶仪切换到飞行员是通过所谓的R/C相称系统手册,利用人的眼睛和手的灵巧度达到更准确的着陆。但问题是,使用R/C比例系统手动控制飞行需要更多的R/C系统经验。由于我们探寻的是一个面向一般用户的普遍系统,如游戏手柄易于使用的无人机控制器是必须的,这可以更快地增加小型无人机的民用市场 ......




During the last decade, UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) has received much attention as a remote sensing tool in the sky not only for military application but also for civil use. Typical missions of UAV are surveillance and image data acquisition over dangerous and/or disaster damaged area. JAXA (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency) has launched a disaster monitoring UAV system development called SAFE-BIRD (SAFE =Smart Autonomous Flying Eye), in which both an airship and mini fixed wing aircrafts are operated together complementary to each other. Although SAFE-BIRD project is still in trial and experimental phase, that is expected to become autonomous eyes in the sky working in the real circumstances. For detailed background information on this project and for operation scenarios, see the reference. The distinctive features required for SAFE-BIRD are ①flight safety causing no secondary accident especially on the populated area, and ②easy operability that needs no experienced R/C pilot. In this paper, design, development, demonstration process will be shown for a safe and easy manual flight control module for a prototype mini fixed wing UAV weighs around 4 kg.
The way of operating UAV depends on the size and the configuration of the aircraft. In the case of conventional fixed wing aircraft, once an UAV is launched in the sky, flight authority is mainly shifted to an autopilot onboard. On the other hand, in the recovery phase, it is necessary to delegate the flight authority back to a manual pilot. The reason is that automatic approach and landing by only GPS based guidance may have large position errors. For safe landing within limited open space such as rooftops of buildings, school fields, and so on, more accurate guidance should be necessary. In this case, the autopilot is switched to the manual pilot with the so-called R/C proportional system, and tries to achieve more accurate landing using human eyes and manual dexterity. The problem is that manual flight control using ......

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