[外文翻译]中小企业的未来

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原文档由会员 郑军 发布

[外文翻译]中小企业的未来/The future of small and medium-sized
内包含中文翻译和英文原文,内容完善,建议下载阅览。

①中文页数 3

中文字数 4144

② 英文页数 6

英文字数 15666

③ 摘要
中小型外贸企业与大型外贸企业的差距日趋扩大。随着近几年大型外贸企业的超常规发展,中小型外贸企业与大型外贸企业不仅仅在传统意义的经营规模上“量”的差距扩大,而且在职能、组织、行为等方面也产生了“质”的差别。这主要表现在大型外贸企业已经从单一的贸易功能扩展到融资、投资、信息、服务、开发等多种功能,其综合运筹能力也大大增强。大型外贸企业以企业集团为主要组织形态,在集团内部实行一体化管理,把产、供、销等活动从纯粹的市场行为转化为企业内部的行政协调,使多个单体企业结合成为统一的整体,为共同的经营目标服务,因而具备了抵御市场风险乃至在一定程度上控制市场的能力。此外,大型外贸企业还在许多方面具有小企业所不可比的优势。今后随着国家按照“抓大放小”的政策实施以大型外贸企业为龙头的集团化战略,中国对外贸易的垄断和集中度会进一步提高。到2000年外贸额居前十位的外贸企业占中国外贸总额的比重将从现在的25%提高到40%—50%,呈现出大型外贸企业与中小型外贸企业两极分化的格局。

Small and medium-sized foreign trade enterprises with large-scale foreign trade enterprises growing gap. With large-scale foreign trade enterprises in recent years of extraordinary development, small and medium-sized foreign trade enterprises with large-scale foreign trade enterprises in the traditional sense of not only the size of the operation of the "quantity" gap, but also in the functions, organization, behavior, etc. also had a " quality "difference. This is mainly manifested in the large-scale foreign trade enterprises from a single trade has been extended to the finance function, investment, information, services, development of a variety of functions, the ability of its comprehensive planning has increased greatly. Large-scale foreign trade enterprise to enterprise groups as the main organization in the implementation of the integration of intra-group management, to production, supply, marketing and other activities of the market behavior from a purely internal into the ACC, so that a number of monomers combined into a unified enterprise Overall, the operation for the common goal of service and market risk have to resist and even to some extent, the ability to control the market. In addition, the large-scale foreign trade enterprises in many small enterprises have the advantage of not comparable. With the future in accordance with the "large and deregulating the small" policy and the implementation of large-scale foreign trade enterprises as the leading group of strategy, China's foreign trade monopoly and concentration will be further enhanced. By 2000 foreign trade volume of the top 10 foreign trade enterprises accounted for the proportion of the total amount of China's foreign trade from the current 25% to 40% -50%, showing a large-scale foreign trade enterprises and small and medium-sized foreign trade enterprises of the pattern of polarization.

④关键字 中小型外贸/small and medi


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